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(Сост. И.И - Тории, языка и литературы правительство республики башкортостан академия наук республики башкортостан...

(Сост. И.И.

Буляков)

445
СОКР

АЩЕНИЯ (Сост. И.И. Буляков) 451


ИСТОЧНИКИ И ЛИТЕРАТУРА

(Сост. И.И.

Буляков)

452

472

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The preface (I.G. Akmanov) 5
Study of the history of Bashkirs
of the second half of the XVI— early XVIIIth centuries (I.G. Akmanov, I.M. Gvozdikova) 7
The Bashkir family trees (shezhere) and tawarih
as historical sources (R.M. Bulgakov, М.КҺ. Nadergulov) 22
BASHKORTOSTAN JOINING THE RUSSIAN STATE AND ITS HISTORICAL VALUE THE SOUTHERN URALS AND THE MIDDLE VOLGA REGION
IN THE MID XVIth CENTURY (I.G. Akmanov, J.M. Jusupov) 37
THE BASHKIRS GETTING THE RUSSIAN CITIZENSHIP 44
Voluntary affiliation of western, northwestern, central
and south-eastern Bashkirs (I.G. Akmanov) 44
Affiliation of the north-eastern Baskirs (A.Z. Asfandijarov) 56
BASHKIRS AS A PART OF THE RUSSIAN STATE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XVI -
FIRST THIRD OF THE XVIIIth CENTURIES
SOCIO-POLITICAL POSITION OF THE BASHKIR PEOPLE 61
The status of Bashkirs as a land owning people and Bashkortostan
as a specific realm of the Russian state (A.I. Akmanov) 61
Laying foundation of Ufa and setting the governing
of Bashkirs (R.G. Bukanova, I.N. Bikkulov) 67
The military organization of the Baskirs (R.N. Rakhimov) 77
Bashkirs in the system of the Russian-Nogaj, Russian-Kalmyk and Russian-Kazakh
relations in the second half of the XVI — first third of the XVIIIth centuries (R.G. Bukanova) 80
ECONOMY AND SOCIAL RELATIONS IN THE BASHKIR SOCIETY 89
Territory, the administrative structure and the population (I.G. Akmanov) 89
Economy of the Bashkirs (I.G. Akmanov) 92
POLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT IN BASHKORTOSTAN AND THE NATIONAL
MOVEMENTS AT THE END OF THE XVI - EARLY XVIIth CENTURIES 103
Agrarian issues in the region. Foundation of fortresses (I.G. Akmanov, R.G. Bukanova) 103
Taxes and duties of Bashkirs. Religion and management (I.G. Akmanov) 106
Riots at the end of the XVI — early XVIIth century. Revolt of 1662—1664 —
the first all-Bashkir movement (I.G. Akmanov) 110
The rebellion of 1681—1684 (I.G. Akmanov) 115
BASHKIR REBELLIONS DURING THE NORTHERN WAR OF 1700-1721 AND DURING THE REFORMS IN RUSSIA IN THE
1st QUARTER OF THE XVIIIth CENTURY 118
Revolt of 1704—1706 (I.G. Akmanov) 118
Revolt of 1707—1708 (I.G. Akmanov) 127
The 1709—1711 revolt (I.G. Akmanov) 142
BASHKIRS IN WARS WAGED BY RUSSIA IN THE XVII -
FIRST THIRD OF THE XVIIIth CENTURIES 153
Participation of Bashkirs in campaigns of the Russian army
in the second half of the XVI — early XVIIth century (R.N. Rakhimov) 153
Bashkirs in the Northern war (R.N. Rakhimov) 157

473


^ BASHKIRS AND BASHKORTOSTAN IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE NEW POLICY OF RUSSIA IN THE SOUTH-EASTERN PART OF THE COUNTRY (THE 30s—50s OF THE XVIII

th

CENTURY)



THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ORENBURG EXPEDITION - BEGINNING OF THE NEW
POLICY OF RUSSIA 163
The project of the chief of the Ural state factories V.N. Tatischev and the note
of the Kazan governor A.P. Volynski on the Bashkirs (R.G. Bukanova) 163
The project of the chief secretary of the Senate I.K. Kirillov on the organization
of the Orenburg expedition (M.M. Zulkarnajev) 169
Founding of the New TransKama line of fortresses (R.G. Bukanova) 173
The organization of the Orenburg expedition and its basic activities
in the 30s of the XVIIIth century (M.M. Zulkarnajev) 174
STRUGGLE OF THE PEOPLES OF BASHKORTOSTAN AGAINST THE POLICY
OF THE IMPERIAL GOVERNMENT 190
Revolt of 1735—1736 (I.G. Akmanov) 190
Revolt of 1737—1738 (I.G. Akmanov) 209
The 1739—1740 revolt (I.G. Akmanov) 221
The riots of Bashkir-Teptjars, Bobyls and the Mishjars in 1747 (R.G. Bukanova) 226
Revolt in 1755—1756 (I.G. Akmanov) 230
BASHKIRS AND BASHKORTOSTAN IN THE MIDDLE AND SECOND HALF OF THE XVIIIth CENTURY
ECONOMY AND SOCIAL RELATIONS IN THE BASHKIR SOCIETY 241
Territory, administrative transformations and the population, cities of Ufa and Orenburg as the political and economic centres
of Bashkortostan (N.M. Kulbakhtin, R.G. Bukanova) 241
Economy of the Bashkirs (N.M. Kulbakhtin) 247
Extracting trades and crafts (M.G. Mullagulov) 252
Bashkir ore prospectors and mining traders (S.N. Kulbakhtin, R.F. Salimjanov) 259
Social relations in the Bashkir society (I.M. Gvozdikova) 265
POLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT IN THE REGION IN THE SECOND HALF
OF THE XVIIIth CENTURY 274
Withdrawal (appropriation) of the Baskir lands in the second half
of the XVIIIth century (A.I. Akmanov) 274
Duties and taxes of Bashkirs (I.M. Gvozdikova) 280
The Islamic in Bashkortostan (Z.R. Rakhmatullina) 283
Establishment of the Mohammedan spiritual Assembly in Ufa (D.D. Azamatov) 286
The Bashkir deputies in the Law-making commission of 1767—1768 292
Elections of deputies and compiling of instructions (I.M. Vasiljev) 292
Peoples’ instructions and activity of the Bashkir deputies in the commission (N.M. Kulbakhtin) . . 299 BASHKIRS IN THE WARS WAGED BY RUSSIA OF THE MID
AND SECOND HALF OF THE XVIIIth CENTURY 305
Participation of Bashkirs in the Seven-year war of 1756—1763 (I.M. Gvozdikova) 305
The Bashkir army in the Polish campaign in 1771—1773 (I.M. Gvozdikova) 312
Participation of Bashkirs in the Russian-Swedish war of 1788—1790 (R.N. Rakhimov) 320

^ THE BASHKIR PEOPLE IN THE PEASANT WAR OF 1773-1775



BASHKIRS IN THE 1st STAGE OF THE PEASANT WAR 327
Involvement of Bashkirs in the Peasant war. Bashkirs in E. Pugachev’s
Chief army (N.M. Kulbakhtin) 327
Bashkirs in other insurgent areas (N.M. Kulbakhtin) 338
BASHKIRS AT THE 2nd STAGE OF THE PEASANT WAR (N.M. Kulbakhtin) 350
BASHKIRS AT THE 3rd STAGE OF THE PEASANT WAR 354
Continuation of Baskirs’ struggle after Pugachev’s departure (N.M. Kulbakhtin) 354
Struggle of Baskirs in the autumn of 1774 (N.M. Kulbakhtin) 356
Salavat Yulajev (a historical portrait) (I.M. Gvozdikova) 359
CULTURE OF THE BASHKIR PEOPLE IN THE XVI-XVIII111 CENTURIES
THE MATERIAL CULTURE 367
Settlements and dwellings. Working tools, household utensils (J.A. Absaljamova 367
National costumes (J.A. Absaljamova) 374
Traditional food of the Bashkirs (E.V Migranova) 378
SPIRITUAL CULTURE 384
People’s oral creative art (legends, sagas, epics, songs) (F.A. Nadrshina) 384
Ceremonial folklore of the Bashkir people (R.A. Sultangarejeva) 393
The Bashkir national choreography (R.A. Sultangarejeva) 402
Bashkir musical art (Z.R. Rakhmatullina, R.A. Sultangarejeva) 406
Language and writing (E.F. Isberdin) 409
Bashkir literature in the XVI—XVIIIth centuries

(М.КҺ.

Nadergulov,

М.КҺ.

Idelbajev) 411
School education among Bashkir in the XVl—XVlII^1 centuries (M.N. Farkhshatov) 425
CONCLUSION (LG. Akmanov) 430
GENERAL SUMMARY (Translated by SH. Nafiqoff) 434
NAMES INDEX (compiled by L.L. Buljakov) 438
PLACE NAMES INDEX (compiled by 1.1. Buljakov) 445
ABBREVIATIONS (compiled by L.L. Buljakov) 451
SOURCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY (compiled by L.L Buljakov) 452

475

История башкирского народа

: в 7 т./ гл. ред. М.М. Кульшарипов; Ин-т истории, языка и литературы УНЦ РАН. - Уфа.: Гилем, 2011. - 476 с.: ил. - ISBN 978-5-02-037008-1.

Т. III.

-

2011.

- ISBN 978-5-7501-1301-9 (т. 3) (в пер.)
Третий том «Истории башкирского народа» охватывает период с середины XVI в. до конца XVIII в. На основе документальных источников и литературы освещается сложный процесс исторического развития башкирского народа: добровольное вхождение Башкортостана в состав Русского государства; статус башкир как народа-вотчинника; восстания XVII—XVIII вв. против политики правительства в крае; хозяйство и культура башкирского народа; участие в войнах России XVII-XVIII вв.

Научное издание
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