.RU
Карта сайта

Downloaded from IskconNY. com. Remember to install the sanskrit fonts before reading. The fonts, as well as 50 other books by Srila Prabhupada, can be downloaded - старонка 56


TEXT 20

TEXT

nemam virinco na bhavo

na srir apy anga-samsraya

prasadam lebhire gopi

yat tat prapa vimuktidat

SYNONYMS

na--not; imam--this exalted position; virincah--Lord Brahma; na--nor; bhavah--Lord Siva; na--nor; srih--the goddess of fortune; api--indeed; anga-samsraya--although she is always the better half of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; prasadam--mercy; lebhire--obtained; gopi--mother Yasoda; yat tat--as that which; prapa--obtained; vimukti-dat--from Krsna, who gives deliverance from this material world.

TRANSLATION

Neither Lord Brahma, nor Lord Siva, nor even the goddess of fortune, who is always the better half of the Supreme Lord, can obtain from the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the deliverer from this material world, such mercy as received by mother Yasoda.

PURPORT

This is a comparative study between mother Yasoda and other devotees of the Lord. As stated in Caitanya caritamrta (Adi 5.142), ekale isvara krsna, ara saba bhrtya: the only supreme master is Krsna, and all others are His servants. Krsna has the transcendental quality of bhrtya-vasyata, becoming subordinate to His bhrtya, or servant. Now, although everyone is bhrtya and although Krsna has the quality of becoming subordinate to His bhrtya, the position of mother Yasoda is the greatest. Lord Brahma is bhrtya, a servant of Krsna, and he is adi-kavi, the original creator of this universe (tene brahma hrda ya adi-kavaye). Nonetheless, even he could not obtain such mercy as mother Yasoda. As for Lord Siva, he is the topmost Vaisnava (vaisnavanam yatha sambhuh). What to speak of Lord Brahma and Lord Siva, the goddess of fortune, Laksmi, is the Lord's constant companion in service, since she always associates with His body. But even she could not get such mercy. Therefore Maharaja Pariksit was surprised, thinking, "What did mother Yasoda and Nanda Maharaja do in their previous lives by which they got such a great opportunity, the opportunity to be the affectionate father and mother of Krsna?"

In this verse there are three negative pronouncements--na, na, na. When anything is uttered three times--"do it, do it, do it"--one should understand that this is meant to indicate great stress on a fact. In this verse, we find na lebhire, na lebhire, na lebhire. Yet mother Yasoda is in the supermost exalted position, and thus Krsna has become completely subordinate to her.

The word vimuktidat is also significant. There are different types of liberation, such as sayujya, salokya, sarupya, sarsti and samipya, but vimukti means "special mukti." When after liberation one is situated on the platform of prema-bhakti, one is said to have achieved vimukti, "special mukti." Therefore the word na is mentioned. That exalted platform of prema is described by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as prema pum-artho mahan, and mother Yasoda naturally acts in such an exalted position in loving affairs. She is therefore a nitya-siddha devotee, an expansion of Krsna's hladini potency, His potency to enjoy transcendental bliss through expansions who are special devotees (ananda-cinmaya-rasa-pratibhavitabhih). Such devotees are not sadhana-siddha.

TEXT 21

TEXT

nayam sukhapo bhagavan

dehinam gopika-sutah

jnaninam catma-bhutanam

yatha bhaktimatam iha

SYNONYMS

na--not; ayam--this; sukha-apah--very easily obtainable, or an object of happiness; bhagavan--the Supreme Personality of Godhead; dehinam--of persons in the bodily concept of life, especially the karmis; gopika-sutah--Krsna, the son of mother Yasoda (Krsna as the son of Vasudeva is called Vasudeva, and as the son of mother Yasoda He is known as Krsna); jnaninam ca--and of the jnanis, who try to be free from material contamination; atma-bhutanam--of self-sufficient yogis; yatha--as; bhakti-matam--of the devotees; iha--in this world.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, the son of mother Yasoda, is accessible to devotees engaged in spontaneous loving service, but He is not as easily accessible to mental speculators, to those striving for self-realization by severe austerities and penances, or to those who consider the body the same as the self.

PURPORT

Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead as the son of mother Yasoda, is very easily available to devotees, but not to tapasvis, yogis, jnanis and others who have a bodily concept of life. Although they may sometimes be called santa-bhaktas, real bhakti begins with dasya-rasa. Krsna says in Bhagavad-gita (4.11):

ye yatha mam prapadyante

tams tathaiva bhajamy aham

mama vartmanuvartante

manusyah partha sarvasah

"As living entities surrender unto Me, I reward them accordingly. Everyone follows My path in all respects, O son of Prtha." Everyone is seeking Krsna, for He is the Supersoul of all individual souls. Everyone loves his body and wants to protect it because he is within the body as the soul, and everyone loves the soul because the soul is part and parcel of the Supersoul. Therefore, everyone is actually seeking to achieve happiness by reviving his relationship with the Supersoul. As the Lord says in Bhagavad-gita (15.15), vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyah: "By all the Vedas, it is I who am to be known." Therefore, the karmis, jnanis, yogis and saintly persons are all seeking Krsna. But by following in the footsteps of devotees who are in a direct relationship with Krsna, especially the inhabitants of Vrndavana, one can reach the supreme position of associating with Krsna. As it is said, vrndavanam parityajya padam ekam na gacchati: Krsna does not leave Vrndavana even for a moment. The vrndavana-vasis--mother Yasoda, Krsna's friends and Krsna's conjugal lovers, the younger gopis with whom He dances--have very intimate relationships with Krsna, and if one follows in the footsteps of these devotees, Krsna is available. Although the nitya-siddha expansions of Krsna always remain with Krsna, if those engaged in sadhana-siddhi follow in the footsteps of Krsna's nitya-siddha associates, such sadhana-siddhas also can easily attain Krsna without difficulty. But there are those who are attached to bodily concepts of life. Lord Brahma and Lord Siva, for example, have very prestigious positions, and thus they have the sense of being very exalted isvaras. In other words, because Lord Brahma and Lord Siva are guna-avataras and have exalted positions, they have some small sense of being like Krsna. But the pure devotees who inhabit Vrndavana do not possess any bodily conception. They are fully dedicated to the service of the Lord in sublime affection, prema. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has therefore recommended, prema pum-artho mahan: the highest perfection of life is prema, pure love in relationship with Krsna. And mother Yasoda appears to be the topmost of devotees who have attained this perfection.

TEXT 22

TEXT

krsnas tu grha-krtyesu

vyagrayam matari prabhuh

adraksid arjunau purvam

guhyakau dhanadatmajau

SYNONYMS

krsnah tu--in the meantime; grha-krtyesu--in engagement in household affairs; vyagrayam--very busy; matari--when His mother; prabhuh--the Lord; adraksit--observed; arjunau--the twin arjuna trees; purvam--before Him; guhyakau--which in a former millennium had been demigods; dhanada-atmajau--the sons of Kuvera, the treasurer of the demigods.

TRANSLATION

While mother Yasoda was very busy with household affairs, the Supreme Lord, Krsna, observed twin trees known as yamala-arjuna, which in a former millennium had been the demigod sons of Kuvera.

TEXT 23

TEXT

pura narada-sapena

vrksatam prapitau madat

nalakuvara-manigrivav

iti khyatau sriyanvitau

SYNONYMS

pura--formerly; narada-sapena--being cursed by Narada Muni; vrksatam--the forms of trees; prapitau--obtained; madat--because of madness; nalakuvara--one of them was Nalakuvara; manigrivau--the other was Manigriva; iti--thus; khyatau--well known; sriya anvitau--very opulent.

TRANSLATION

In their former birth, these two sons, known as Nalakuvara and Manigriva, were extremely opulent and fortunate. But because of pride and false prestige, they did not care about anyone, and thus Narada Muni cursed them to become trees.

Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports of the Tenth Canto, Ninth Chapter, of the Srimad-Bhagavatam, entitled "Mother Yasoda Binds Lord Krsna."

Chapter Ten

Deliverance of the Yamala-arjuna Trees

This chapter describes how Krsna broke the twin arjuna trees, from which Nalakuvara and Manigriva, the sons of Kuvera, then came out.

Nalakuvara and Manigriva were great devotees of Lord Siva, but because of material opulence they became so extravagant and senseless that one day they were enjoying with naked girls in a lake and shamelessly walking here and there. Suddenly Narada Muni passed by, but they were so maddened by their wealth and false prestige that even though they saw Narada Muni present, they remained naked and were not even ashamed. In other words, because of opulence and false prestige, they lost their sense of common decency. Of course, it is the nature of the material qualities that when one becomes very much opulent in terms of wealth and a prestigious position, one loses one's sense of etiquette and does not care about anyone, even a sage like Narada Muni. For such bewildered persons (ahankara-vimudhatma), who especially deride devotees, the proper punishment is to be again stricken with poverty. The Vedic rules and regulations prescribe how to control the false sense of prestige by the practice of yama, niyama and so on (tapasa brahmacaryena samena ca damena ca). A poor man can be convinced very easily that the prestige of an opulent position in this material world is temporary, but a rich man cannot. Therefore Narada Muni set an example by cursing these two persons, Nalakuvara and Manigriva, to become dull and unconscious like trees. This was a fit punishment. But because Krsna is always merciful, even though they were punished they were fortunate enough to see the Supreme Personality of Godhead face to face. Therefore the punishment given by Vaisnavas is not at all punishment; rather, it is another kind of mercy. By the curse of the devarsi, Nalakuvara and Manigriva became twin arjuna trees and remained in the courtyard of mother Yasoda and Nanda Maharaja, waiting for the opportunity to see Krsna directly. Lord Krsna, by the desire of His devotee, uprooted these yamala-arjuna trees, and when Nalakuvara and Manigriva were thus delivered by Krsna after one hundred years of the devas, their old consciousness revived, and they offered Krsna prayers suitable to be offered by demigods. Having thus gotten the opportunity to see Krsna face to face, they understood how merciful Narada Muni was, and therefore they expressed their indebtedness to him and thanked him. Then, after circumambulating the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, they departed for their respective abodes.

TEXT 1

TEXT

sri-rajovaca

kathyatam bhagavann etat

tayoh sapasya karanam

yat tad vigarhitam karma

yena va devarses tamah

SYNONYMS

sri-raja uvaca--the King further inquired; kathyatam--please describe; bhagavan--O supremely powerful one; etat--this; tayoh--of both of them; sapasya--of cursing; karanam--the cause; yat--which; tat--that; vigarhitam--abominable; karma--act; yena--by which; va--either; devarseh tamah--the great sage Narada became so angry.

TRANSLATION

King Pariksit inquired from Sukadeva Gosvami: O great and powerful saint, what was the cause of Nalakuvara's and Manigriva's having been cursed by Narada Muni? What did they do that was so abominable that even Narada, the great sage, became angry at them? Kindly describe this to me.

TEXTS 2-3

TEXT

sri-suka uvaca

rudrasyanucarau bhutva

sudrptau dhanadatmajau

kailasopavane ramye

mandakinyam madotkatau

varunim madiram pitva

madaghurnita-locanau

stri-janair anugayadbhis

ceratuh puspite vane

SYNONYMS

sri-sukah uvaca--Sri Sukadeva Gosvami replied; rudrasya--of Lord Siva; anucarau--two great devotees or associates; bhutva--being elevated to that post; su-drptau--being proud of that position and their beautiful bodily features; dhanada-atmajau--the two sons of Kuvera, treasurer of the demigods; kailasa-upavane--in a small garden attached to Kailasa Parvata, the residence of Lord Siva; ramye--in a very beautiful place; mandakinyam--on the River Mandakini; mada-utkatau--terribly proud and mad; varunim--a kind of liquor named Varuni; madiram--intoxication; pitva--drinking; mada-aghurnita-locanau--their eyes rolling with intoxication; stri-janaih--with women; anugayadbhih--vibrating songs sung by them; ceratuh--wandered; puspite vane--in a nice flower garden.

TRANSLATION

Sukadeva Gosvami said: O King Pariksit, because the two sons of Kuvera had been elevated to the association of Lord Siva, of which they were very much proud, they were allowed to wander in a garden attached to Kailasa Hill, on the bank of the Mandakini River. Taking advantage of this, they used to drink a kind of liquor called Varuni. Accompanied by women singing after them, they would wander in that garden of flowers, their eyes always rolling in intoxication.

PURPORT

This verse mentions some of the material advantages afforded to persons associated with or devoted to Lord Siva. Apart from Lord Siva, if one is a devotee of any other demigod, one receives some material advantages. Foolish people, therefore, become devotees of demigods. This has been pointed out and criticized by Lord Krsna in Bhagavad-gita (7.20): kamais tais tair hrta jnanah prapadyante 'nya-devatah. Those who are not devotees of Krsna have a taste for women, wine and so forth, and therefore they have been described as hrta jnana, bereft of sense. The Krsna consciousness movement can very easily point out such foolish persons, for they have been indicated in Bhagavad-gita (7.15), where Lord Krsna says:

na mam duskrtino mudhah

prapadyante naradhamah

mayayapahrta-jnana

asuram bhavam asritah

"Those miscreants who are grossly foolish, lowest among mankind, whose knowledge is stolen by illusion, and who partake of the atheistic nature of demons, do not surrender unto Me." Anyone who is not a devotee of Krsna and does not surrender to Krsna must be considered naradhama, the lowest of men, and duskrti, one who always commits sinful activities. Thus there is no difficulty in finding out who is a third-class or fourth-class man, for one's position can be understood simply by this crucial test: is he or is he not a devotee of Krsna?

Why are devotees of the demigods greater in number than the Vaisnavas? The answer is given herein. Vaisnavas are not interested in such fourth-class pleasures as wine and women, nor does Krsna allow them such facilities.

TEXT 4

TEXT

antah pravisya gangayam

ambhoja-vana-rajini

cikridatur yuvatibhir

gajav iva karenubhih

SYNONYMS

antah--within; pravisya--entering; gangayam--the Ganges, known as Mandakini; ambhoja--of lotus flowers; vana-rajini--where there was a congested forest; cikridatuh--the two of them used to enjoy; yuvatibhih--in the company of young girls; gajau--two elephants; iva--just like; karenubhih--with female elephants.
2014-07-19 18:44
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • Контрольная работа
  • © sanaalar.ru
    Образовательные документы для студентов.