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Subgenus Litomegachile Mitchell - A Biological Catalogue of the Genus Megachile of the Neotropics

Subgenus Litomegachile Mitchell


Megachile subgenus Litomegachile Mitchell 1934: 301, 308. Type species: Megachile brevis Say. Original designation.

Megachile subgenus Litomegachile Mitchell 1935: 9-11.

Six species in the subgenus occur in southern Canada and U.S.A. and one is South American. One species, Megachile gentilis Cresson 1872, has become established on Hawaii, probably in recent times.

Megachile (Litomegachile) buchwaldi Mitchell



Megachile (Litomegachile) buchwaldi Mitchell 1943b: 662. Type locality: Chalanga, Peru. Type repository: ?

DISTRIBUTION. PERU.

Subgenus Melanosarus Mitchell


Megachile subgenus Melanosarus Mitchell 1934: 303. Type species: Megachile xylocopoides Smith. Original designation.

Megachile subgenus Melanosarus Mitchell 1937b: 78-79.

Pseudocentron subgenus Melanosarus Mitchell 1980: 56.

Ten of the eleven species currently recognized in the subgenus range throughout the neotropics. M. xylocopoides Smith 1853 occurs in southwestern U.S.A. Three species have been recorded from the West Indies.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) aequilibra Vachal



Megachile aequilibra Vachal 1908: 225. Female. Type locality: Palmar, Ecuador/ Mapirí, Bolivia. Type repository: Vachal Collection, MNHN. Examined.

Megachile (Melanosarus) aequilibra Raw 2002 #7: 22.

DISTRIBUTION. BOLIVIA. ECUADOR.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) bahamensis Mitchell



Megachile bahamensis Mitchell 1927a: 47-48. Female. Type locality: Mangrove Cay, Andros, Bahamas, 1 August 1904. Type repository: MCZ 15716. Examined.

Megachile (Melanosarus) bahamensis Krombein 1953b: 21-22.

Megachile (Melanosarus) floridensis Mitchell 1934: 349-352. Male. Type locality: Miami, Florida, 10 June 1927 (S. Graenicher). Type repository: USNM 44243. Examined. Synonymy of Krombein 1953b: 21 (D, L).

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Graenicher 1930: 162 (D, F, L as M. morio). Mitchell 1937b: 80 (D, R-M as M. floridensis); 1962: 169-171 (D, F, L, R-FM).

DISTRIBUTION. BAHAMAS: Andros, Bimini, Cat Island, New Providence. U.S.A: FL- Miami, Key West, No Name Key, Stock Island, Palm Beach.

FLOWERS. Bidens leucantha, Flaveria, Melanthera brevifolia and Poinsettia cyathophora.

LIFE HISTORY. Adults fly from late February to late September in southern Florida and to late October in the Bahamas.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) brasiliensis Dalla Torre



Megachile brasiliensis Dalla Torre 1896: 422. New name.

Megachile denticulata Smith 1853: 185. Male. Type locality: Brazil; Rio Tapajoz (H. W. Bates). Type repository: NHML 17a2448. Examined. (Not M. denticulata Fairmaire, Ferret & Galliner 1847: 453. Type locality: Abyssinia; Madagascar.)

Megachile nigridorsis Vachal 1908: 243. Male. Type locality: Rivière du Kourou, Guyane Française. Type repository: MNHN. Synonymy of Raw 2002 #7: 22.

Megachile brancoensis Mitchell 1930: 187-188. Female. Type locality: Pedra Branca, Brazil (H. H. Smith). Type repository: ANSP 4141. Synonymy of Raw 2002 #7: 22.

Megachile (Melanosarus) brancoensis Mitchell 1934: 303.

Megachile (Melanosarus) brasiliensis Raw 2002 #7: 22. Combination by association.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Alfken 1930: 11 (D). Cockerell 1912d: 61 (D); 1927a: 13 & 17 (D, K). Moure 1942: 309 (D). Schrottky 1920: 25 (D). Silveira et al 2002: 213 (D).

DISTRIBUTION. BOLIVIA; Beni; Buenavista, Cavinas; Chaparo. BRAZIL: AM- Carino, Tefé, Jacareanga; Caracaraí (Rio Branco); MS- Pedra Branca; MT- Cáceres, Chapada dos Guimarães, Salobra; PA- Tapajos; RO- Porto Velho, Guajará Mirim; RS; SP-Salobras.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) densa Mitchell



Megachile densa Mitchell 1930: 257. Female. Type locality: La Rioja, Argentina. Type repository: MCZ 16205. Examined.

Megachile (Melanosarus) densa Raw 2002 #7: 22.

DISTRIBUTION. ARGENTINA: LR.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) nigripennis Spinola



Megachile nigripennis Spinola 1841: 143. Female. Type locality: Cayenne, French Guiana. Type repository: IZU, Torino.

Megachile hypocrita Smith 1853: 184-184. Female. Type locality: Pará [Brazil] (H. W. Bates). Type repository: NHML 17a2460. Synonymy of Raw 2002 #7: 22.

Megachile totonaca Cresson 1878: 117. Female. Type locality: Mexico (Sumichrast). Type repository: ANSP 2422. Synonymy of Raw 2002 #7: 22.

Megachile proserpina Schrottky 1908: 233-234. Female. Type locality: Asunción, Paraguay (Anisits). Type repository: MZSP ? Synonymy of Schwarz 1934: 21. [= Megachile nudiventris Schrottky 1902: 439. Type locality: ? Type repository: MZSP ?

(Not Megachile nudiventris Smith 1853: 186. [M. (Moureapis) nudiventris, see Schrottky 1913a: 156.)

Megachile fumicosta Strand 1910: 526. Male. Type locality: Asunçión, Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay. Type repository: ? Synonymy of Mitchell 1934: 303.

Megachile vernoniae Schrottky 1913a: 248. Male. Type locality: Assumpção/ Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay, Vernonia. Type repository: MZSP ? Synonym of Megachile fumicosta Strand, see Schrottky 1920: 24.

Megachile infecta Vachal 1908: 226. Male. Type locality: Pachitea, Peru. Type repository: Vachal Collection, MNHN. Synonymy ?

Megachile (Melanosarus) proserpina Mitchell 1943b: 663.

Megachile (Melanosarus) nigripennis Raw 2002 #7: 22. Combination by association.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Ayala et al 1997: 455 (D). Cheesman 1929: 144 (D). Cockerell 1919: 219 (K as M. aequilibra); 1923b: 1 (T); 1927a: 13-17 (D, K), 13 & 15 (D, K as M. hypocrita). Cresson 1916: 133 (T). Friese 1916: 297 (D). Michener 1954: 100 (D, L as M. proserpina). Mitchell 1930: 187 (D as M. proserpina, M. totonaca and M. vernoniae). Schrottky 1913a: 137 (K), 156 (D), 203 (R-M as M. fumicosta); 1920: 32 (D) M. proserpina. Schwarz 1934: 21-22 (D, R-M as M. totonaca). Vachal 1909: 17 (K as M. infecta). MZSP. Silveira et al 2002: 213 (D).

DISTRIBUTION. ARGENTINA: MI. BOLIVIA: Beni- Ivon; Buenavista. BRAZIL: AM- Manaus; MG; MS- Pedra Branca; MT- Chapada dos Guimarães; PA; SP- Jundiaí, Marumbí, Paraná, Praia do Barro, Praia das Cigarras, Ipiranga, Itatiba, Rincão, Rio Feio, São Paulo. COSTA RICA: Escazu, Guante, San José. ECUADOR. EL SALVADOR. FRENCH GUIANA. GUATEMALA. MEXICO: JA- Chamela; QR- Felipe Corilloro; TA- Victoria; YU- Chichenitza. PANAMA: Barro Colorado; Taboga Is; Isla Coiba, Valle de Anton. PARAGUAY: Asuncion; Cororo- Rio Ypane, Puerto Bertoni, San Pedro.

LIFE HISTORY. Adults fly February to April in São Paulo state and February & March in Panamá.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) pullata Smith



Megachile pullata Smith 1879: 74. Female. Type locality: Ega [=Tefé, Amazonas, Brazil] (H. W. Bates). Type repository: NHML 17a2431. Examined.

Megachile (Melanosarus) pullata Raw 2002 #7: 22.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCE. Mitchell 1930: 257 9D).

DISTRIBUTION. BRAZIL: AM- Tefé; PA- Santarém.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) reliqua Mitchell



Megachile reliqua Mitchell 1930: 260. Female. Type locality: Buenavista, Bolivia. Type repository: Meyer.

Megachile (Melanosarus) reliqua Mitchell 1934: 303.

DISTRIBUTION. BOLIVIA.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) sedula Smith



Megachile sedula Smith 1879: 79. Female. Type locality: St. Domingo [West Indies]. Type repository: NHML 17a2418. Examined.

Megachile (Melanosarus) sedula Mitchell 1934: 303.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Cockerell 1905: 339 (K). Friese 1902: 200 (D).

DISTRIBUTION. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. HAITI- Port-au-Prince.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) singularis Cresson



Megachile singularis Cresson 1865: 177-178. Male. Type locality: Cuba. Type repository: GCH.

Megachile maura Cresson 1865: 179. Female. Type locality: Cuba. Type repository: ANSP 2421. Examined. Genaro 1998: 151.

Megachile (Melanosarus) maura Mitchell 1934: 303.

Megachile carlotensis Mitchell 1927a: 55-57. Male. Type locality: Mina Carlota, Trinidad Mts. Cuba, 1500 ft, on flowers of Neuroloena limbata ( G. Salt). Type repository: MCZ 15705. Synonymy of Genaro 1998: 151, Raw 2002 #7: 22.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Alayo 1976: 23 (D, T). Cresson 1916: 123, 130 (T). Dewitz 1881: 197 (D). Gundlach 1886: 164 (D). Mitchell 1927a: 57 (D, F). Wolcott 1948: 869 (D).

DISTRIBUTION. CUBA: Cienfuegos, Habana, Oriente, Pinar del Rio (rare), Isla de Piños, Nueva Gerona. Wolcott (1948) doubted the authenticity of the record of this species from Puerto Rico.

FLOWERS. Neuroloena limbata.

  1. Megachile (Melanosarus) strenua Smith



Megachile strenua Smith 1879: 73. Male. Type locality: São Paulo [de Olivença], Amazons, [Brazil]. Type repository: NHML 17a2473. Examined.

Megachile (Melanosarus) strenua Raw 2002 #7: 23.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCE. Schrottky 1920: 33 (D, R-M).

DISTRIBUTION. BRAZIL: AM; PA- Santarém.

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