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Chapter merits of Ali ibn Abu Talib - старонка 3


4 - Pray of prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam): “O Allah protect him from feeling cold or hot” and indication that Ali was a man who loves Allah and his prophet, and is beloved by Allah and his prophet.



1) Ibn Majah narrated in his “Sunnan” (#117) that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) prayed for Ali: “

O Allah take away from him hotness and coldness

”. Ali said: “I didn’t feel after that not hotness neither coldness”. And after that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala ala alihi wa sallam) said: “

I would send (for fight with jews) such man who loves Allah and his prophet, and is beloved by Allah and his prophet, and he wouldn’t turn back

”.

Sheikh Albani said: “It’s good by the other way in “al-Awsat” of Tabarani, and al-Heythami said it’s hasan, some parts of it in two saheehs”.

In this hadith is a great merit for Ali! Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) himself testified that Ali was beloved by Allah and His prophet!

Regarding part which is in two saheehs, it was narrated by Muslim from ibn Salamah which narrated from his father60, and it’s long hadith, in which stated that: “Then he sent me to 'Ali who had sore eyes, and said: I will give the banner to a man who loves Allah and His Messenger or whom Allah and His Messenger love. So I went to 'Ali, brought him beading him along and he had sore eyes, and I took him to the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam), who applied his saliva to his eyes and he got well. The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) gave him the banner (and 'Ali went to meet Marhab in a single combat)”.

And in Bukhari it’s also from Salamah, with wording: “Ali remained behind the Prophet during the Ghazwa of Khaibar as he was suffering from eye trouble. He then said, "(How can) I remain behind the Prophet ," and followed him. So when he slept on the night of the conquest of Khaibar, the Prophet said, "

I will give the flag tomorrow, or tomorrow the flag will be taken by a man who is loved by Allah and His Apostle , and (Khaibar) will be conquered through him, (with Allah's help)

" While every one of us was hopeful to have the flag, it was said, "Here is 'Ali" and the Prophet gave him the flag and Khaibar was conquered through him (with Allah's Help)”61.

And in Muslim (#6376) it’s from Sahl ibn Sad with wording that Allah's Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said on the Day of Khaibar:

I would certainly give this standard to a person at whose hand Allah would grant victory and who loves Allah and His Messenger and Allah and His Messenger love him also

. The people spent the night thinking as to whom it would be given. When it was morning the people hastened to Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) all of them hoping that that would be given to him. He (the Holy Prophet) said:

Where is 'Ali b. Abu Talib?

They said: Allah's Messenger, his eyes are sore. He then sent for him and he was brought and Allah's Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) applied saliva to his eyes and invoked blessings and he was all right, as if he had no ailment at all, and coraferred upon him the standard. 'Ali said: Allah's Messenger, I will fight them until they are like us. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said:

Advance cautiously until you reach their open places, thereafter invite them to Islam and inform them what is obligatory for them from the rights of Allah, for, by Allah, if Allah guides aright even one person through you that is better for you than to possess the most valuable of the camels

”.

And again in Muslim (#6377) from Salama b. Akwa' which reported that it was 'Ali whom Allah's Apostle (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) left behind him (in the charge of his family and the Islamic State) on the occasion of the campaign of Khaibar, and his eyes were inflamed and he said: Is it for me to remain behind Allah's Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam)? So he went forth and rejoined Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) and on the evening of that night (after which) next morning Allah granted victory. Allah's Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said:

I will certainly give this standard to a man whom Allah and His Messenger

love

. Or he said:

Who loves Allah or His Messenger and Allah will grant him victory through him

, and, lo, we saw 'Ali whom we least expected (to be present on that occasion). They (the Companions) said: Here is 'Ali. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) gave him the standard. Allah granted victory at his hand”.

And again in Muslim (#6375) from Abu Hurayra that Allah's Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said on the Day of Khaibar

: I shall certainly give this standard in the hand of one who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah will grant victory at his hand.

Umar b. Khattab said: Never did I cherish for leadership but on that day. I came before him with the hope that I may be called for this, but Allah's Messenger (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) called 'Ali b. Abu Talib and he conferred (this honour) upon him and said:

Proceed on and do not look about until Allah grants you victory

, and 'Ali went a bit and then halted and did not look about and then said in a loud voice: Allah's Messenger, on what issue should I fight with the people? Thereupon he (the Prophet) said:

Fight with them until they bear testimony to the fact that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his Messenger, and when they do that then their blood and their riches are inviolable from your hands but what is justified by law and their reckoning is with Allah

”.

Marhab was a jew warrior, which was killed by Ali.

Mubarakpuri wrote regarding this fight: “The Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) began the campaign by reducing the minor strongholds one after the other. The first fort he was to attack was Na‘im, the first defence line with a formidable strategic position. Marhab, the leader of the fort, invited ‘Amr bin Al-Akwa‘ to meet him in combat and the latter responded; when ‘Amr struck the Jew, his sword recoiled and wounded his knee, and he died of that wound. The Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) later said:

“For him (‘Amir) there is a double reward in the Hereafter.”

He indicated this by putting two of his fingers together. ‘Ali bin Abi Talib then undertook to meet Marhab in combat, and managed to kill him. Yasir, Marhab’s brother, then turned up challenging the Muslims to a fight. Az-Zubair was equal to it and killed him on the spot. Real fighting then broke out and lasted for a few days”. (end of quote)62

2) Imam Ahmad narrated in his “Fadhail” (#1075) that Ali said: “I approached to prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) with head of Mahrab, may Allah curse him”.

5 - Saying: “Ali is from me, and I am from Ali”.



1) Imam Tirmizi narrated from al-Bara ibn al-Azib, that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said to Ali: “

You are from me, and I am from you

”63.

2) Ibn Majah narrated in his “Sunnan” (#119) and Tirmizi in “Sunnan” (#3719) from Hubshi ibn Janadah, that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: “

Ali is from me, and I am from Ali

64

,

No one would fulfill my words (on my behalf) except me and Ali

”65.

Tirmizi and Albani said it’s hasan.

Asbab al-vurud of hadith

: In accordance to one of the customs of Arabs, making or severing any agreement between them could be done only by chief of that tribe (one of the sides) or by closest family member of him. They would not accept that from anyone other than these two (types). Year after Meccan peace treaty, Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) send Abu Bakr with group (of Muslims) for haj. When pilgrims left Madina, prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) send Ali with verse 28 of surah at-Tawba, to announce that treaty with pagans was annulated.

3) Nasai narrated in his “Khasais” (#72) from Simak ibn Harb from Anas, which said: “Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) (first) send (surah) baraat with Abu Bakr, then he called him (back) and said: “It’s not suited to preach it by someone else than a man from my ahl”, and he called for Ali, and gave it to him”66.

4) Nasai narrated in his “Khasais” (#73) from Ali that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) first send baraat to Mecca with Abu Bakr. Then he send Ali right after him and said: “Take a letter, and take it to people of Mecca”. He reached Abu Bakr and took a letter from him, upon this Abu Bakr came back disappointed, and said: “Is anything was revealed about me?” Prophet it should be preached by myself or by a man from my household”67.

5) And Nasai narrated from Sad, that when prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) send Ali with that surah, he said: “No one would do that on my behalf except me, or man from me”68.

6) Imam Darimi narrated in his “Sunnan” (#1915)69 from Jabir ibn Abdullah, that when Ali reached Abu Bakr, as-Siddiq asked him: “(You came) as a commander or as a messenger?” Ali said: “Like a messenger”.

Sheikh Husain Sulaim Asad said chain is saheeh.

6 - Islam of Ali ibn Abu Talib.



1) Tirmizi narrated in his “Sunnan” (#3734) from ibn Abbas: “Ali was first one who prayed (with prophet, sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam)”.

Sheikh Albani said it’s saheeh. Tirmizi said: “People of knowledge differed regarding this. Some of the said that Abu Bakr as-Siddiq was first one to accept Islam, some of them said that Ali was first one to accept Islam. Some people of knowledge said: Abu Bakr was first man who accepted Islam, Ali was first boy who accepted Islam, and he was 8 years old70, Hadija was first woman to accept Islam”.

From me want to add that in the chain of this hadith is Yahya ibn Abu Sulaim, Abu Balaj, and he was disputed and criticized by some great scholars.

This hadith was also narrated by Tabarani. Al-Heythami said in “Majmau zawaid” (#14600): “In it Uthman al-Juzre, I don’t know him, and other narrators are from people of saheeh”.

2) Tabarani narrated that al-Hasan (should be al-Basre) said: “The first one who believed is Ali ibn Abu Talib, and he was 15 or 16 years old”.

Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (#14603) said: “Narrators are people of saheeh”.

Hakim in “Mustadrak” (#4581) narrated that Hasan said: “He was 10 or 16 years old”.

3) Abu Yala narrated from Ali: “Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) was send (with his prophecy) in Monday, and I accepted Islam at Tuesday”.

Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (#14602) said: “In the chain Muslim ibn Kaysan al-Malai, and he get confused (in the end of his life)”.

4) Imam Tirmizi narrated in his “Sunnan” (#3735) from Amr ibn Murra - Abu Hamza man from the ansar - Zayd ibn Arqam, which said: “Ali was first one to accept Islam”71. Amr ibn Murra said: “I have mentioned this to Ibrahim an-Nakhai and he rejected that, and said: “Abu Bakr as-Siddiq was first one to accept Islam”.

Tirmizi said it’s hasan-saheeh. Albani said it’s saheeh.

Hadith of Zayd ibn Arqam was also narrated by Nasai in “Khasais” (#2)72.

5) Tabarani narrated from Urwa ibn Zubair, which said: “Ali accepted Islam when he was 8 years old”.

Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (#14604) said: “In it ibn Luheia, there is weakness in him, and other narrators are from people of saheeh”.

I say Abdullah ibn Luheia was weak per almost agreed opinion.

6) Ahmad narrated from Ali, that he said: “I am first one who prayed with prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam)”73.

Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (#14607) said: “Narrators from people of saheeh, except Hubbat al-Urani, and he was /wathaq/”.

I say Hubbat al-Urani was weak narrator from extreme shias74.

7) And it was reported from Abu Mosa al-Ashare that he said: “Ali was the first one who embraced islam with prophet (alaihi wa ala alihi salat wa salam)”. Narrated by Hakim in “Mustadrak” (#5963), and he authenticated chain.

8) Hakim narrated in “Mustadrak” (#4587) from Anas, which said: “Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) was send (with his prophecy) in Monday, and Ali accepted Islam at Tuesday”.

Chain is extremely weak, in it Muslim Malai and Ali ibn Abis.

Sheikh Saeed bin Ali bin Wahf al-Qahtani in his book "Rahmatun lil alamin"75 said: 

"

The first person to embrace islam was Khadija (may Allah be pleased with her), she was followed by Ali, who in turn was followed by Zayd. The members of prophet's household having thus become Muslims, the next to accept the prophet's invitation to Islam was Abu Bakr

"

.

Abu Abdullah Al Hakim said [in Ma'rifat Ulum al Hadith, p.64]: 'I know of no difference among the historians that Ali b. Abi Talib was the first to accept Islam.' This is to be rejected from al Hakim. [note: al Hakim in fact does go on to say: 'It is the correct view with a group ('inda al jama'a) that Abu Bakr, Allah be pleased with him, was the first male adult (min rijal al balaghin) to accept Islam.]

Ibn al Salah (d.643H) in section 39, p.178, of his Muqaddima mentions some of the differing views as follows: "The pious predecessors (al salaf) differed over who was the first of them to accept Islam. Some said Abu Bakr al Siddiq and this is conveyed from Ibn Abbas, Hasan b. Thabit, Ibrahim al Naka'i and others. Some said Ali was the first to accept Islam. This is conveyed from Zayd b. Arqam, Abu Dhar, al Miqdad and others".

7 - Ali was gladdened by paradise.



1) It was narrated by Tirmizi in his “Sunnan” (#3747) 76 from Abdurrahman ibn Awf, that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: “

Abu Bakr in the heaven, Umar in the heaven, Uthman in the heaven, Ali in the heaven, Talha (ibn Ubeydullah) in the heaven, Zubair (ibn al-Awwam) in the heaven, Abdurrahman ibn Awf in the heaven, Sad (ibn Abu Waqqas) in the heaven, Said (ibn Zaid) in the heaven, Abu Ubayda (ibn al-Jarrah) in the heaven

”.

Hadith is saheeh, and similar one also was narrated from Said ibn Zaid77.

2) Imam Ahmad narrated in his “Fadhail” (#977), “Musnad” (#15107), ibn al-Hayyan78 in “Tabaqatul muhadisin”79, al-Heythami in “Ghayatul maqasid” from Jabir, Tabarani in “al-Kabir” from Abu (or ibn) Masood that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) once said: “

Would come upon you man from inhabitans of heaven

- or he said -

would enter upon you man from inhabitants of heaven

”. And came Abu Bakr. (Then) said: “

Would come upon you

- or

enter upon you

(that’s uncertainity from narrator Yazid)

man from inhabitants of heaven

”. And came Umar. Then he said: “

Would come upon you

- or -

enter upon you man from inhabitants of heaven. O Allah make him Ali, O Allah make him Ali

”. And came Ali”.

Text quoted from “Fadhail” which came via chain: Abdullah ibn Ahmad - Ahmad ibn Hanbal - Yazid ibn Haroon - Sherik ibn Abdullah - Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Aqil - Jabir ibn Abdullah.

Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (#14686) said chain is good (hasan).

Yazid ibn Haroon was thiqat (“Taqrib” #7789), Sherik ibn Abdullah an-Nakhai was saduq, which made a lot of errs, and got confuse in the end of his life (“Taqrib” #2787), Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Aqil ibn Abu Talib was saduq, with softness in his ahadeth (“Taqrib” #3592).

If we would add to this way, two weak ways from the words of ibn Masood, inshAllah we can consider it hasan li gheyrihi. This opinion is strengthening by fact, that all mentioned companions were gladdened by paradise in another saheeh narration80.

Allah knows best.
2014-07-19 18:44
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