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Conclusions: important considerations for the development of ecotourism to the community level

Conclusions: important considerations for the development of ecotourism to the community level

Most researchers interested in conservation now recognize that working with human communities is fundamental to reach conservation goals and to implement alternative sustainable projects such as ecotourism. There are several basic principles that must be taking in consideration in the planning of a community-based ecotourism enterprise Drumm and More [59]. The community-based ecotourism will not be successful without the collaboration of trained tourist operators. The links with markets, language barriers, and poor communication skills are three of the most important problems that constrain rural communities to self-administer an ecotourism project Drumm and More [59]. For the ecotourism to promote conservation, the local people must recognize that the economic benefits are linked to the sites or the wildlife species tourist’s visit and that these sites or species must be conserved Drumm and More [59]. It is essential also that this ecotourism area are linked with academic institutions such as universities that could provide the technical or academic support and evaluate the impact of the ecotourism activities to avoid the negative impacts.

Finally, the ecotourism must be perceived as a way for local people to retake their traditional role as administrators of their lands and their natural resources. Recognizing the fundamental role that rural and riparian communities play in the conservation of the biodiversity is essential, thus these communities must be incorporated as active stakeholders in the planning and development conservation strategies [11, 59, 60].


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