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1. focus on: separable and nonseparable phrasal verbs 12 - 121

^

stick around





stick around & sticks around

sticking around

stuck around

stuck around

^ 1. stick around

p.v. [informal] When you

stick around, you

stay where you are.
Can you

stick around?

We're going to have lunch in an hour.
Don't go yet —

stick around

until Sarah gets here; she'd love to see you.

stick to


stick to & sticks to sticking to stuck to stuck to


1. stick to

p.v. When one thing

sticks to

another, it remains attached to it.
The magnet sticks

to

the chalkboard because there's metal underneath.
I used the wrong glue, and the tiles didn't

stick to

the floor.

2. stick to

p.v. When you are speaking or writing and you

stick to

a certain subject, you talk or write about that subject only.
The teacher said, "Do this paper over and

stick to

the point — don't talk about 100 other things that aren't important."
In his news conference, the President

stuck to

the new tax legislation, but the reporters kept asking about the latest scandal.

3. stick to

p.v. When you

stick to

a certain belief, claim, policy, habit, plan, type of work, and so on, you continue as before, without change.

^ Stick with

is similar to

stick to.


Jake claimed he was innocent of Hank's murder. He

stuck to

his alibi that he had been at the racetrack when the murder occurred.
After the audition, the director told me I was a terrible actor and that I should

stick to

singing.

4. stick... to

p.v. [informal] When you stick it to people, you deliberately try to tease, annoy, or embarrass them with an accusation, provocative statement, or difficult question.
Sam thinks the new manager is an idiot, and he likes to

stick

it

to

him.
One woman at the shareholders' meeting really

stuck

it

to

the president of the company.
She asked why he deserved a $19 million bonus even though the company had lost money that year and 4,000 workers had been laid off.
259

Infinitive




present tense



-ing form



past tense



past participle


^

take back


take back & takes back



taking back



took back



taken back



1. take... back

(to) p.v. When you

take

something

back

or

take

something

back

to a place, you take it to where it was before.
If you're finished working on the car, don't leave your tools here;

take

them

back

to the garage.
Do you usually

take

the shopping carts

back

after you've put your groceries in your car?

2. take... back

(to) p.v. When you take something that you have bought to the place where you bought it and ask to have it repaired, to exchange it for something else, or for the money you paid for it, you

take

it

back

or

take

it

back

to the place where you bought it.
/ have to

take back

these pants that I bought yesterday because the zipper's already broken.
That new TV that Nancy bought was a piece of junk; she

took

it

back

to the store and demanded her money back.

3. take... back

(from) p.v. When you

take

something

back

or

take

something

back

from someone else, you accept it from the person you gave, sold, or lent it to.
The guy at the store said he wouldn't

take

my answering machine

back

because I had bought it on sale.
The lady I bought this Persian rug from said she would be happy to

take

it

back

from me if I changed my mind.

4. take ... back

(to) p.v. When you

take back

something that you have borrowed or

take back

something that you have borrowed to the person or place that you borrowed it from, you return it.
Lydia borrowed this book from the library six months ago, and she still hasn't

taken

it

back.


I need to

take

Jim's lawn mower

back to

him.

5. take... back

(to) p.v. When you

take

people

back

or

take

people

back

to a place where they were before, you go with them to that place.
Our son was home from college for the summer, and we're

taking

him

back

tomorrow.
Mike got sick again, so we

took

him

back

to the hospital.

6. take ... back

p.v. When you

take back

something that you have said, you admit that what you said was untrue, unfair, or rude.
That's not true! You

take

that

back

right now!
I'm sorry, that was very rude of me. I

take

it

back.


260

7. take ... back

(to) p.v. When something reminds you of a place where you were in the past or of something you experienced in the past, it

takes

you

back

or

takes

you

back

to a time in the past.
Looking through my high school year book sure

takes

me

back.


My grandfather found his old uniform in the attic, and he said it

took

him

back

to when he was stationed in England during the war.

EXERCISE 34a — Complete the sentences with phrasal verbs from this section. Be sure the phrasal verbs are in the correct tense.


1. After being embarrassed last night, I'm going to ________________ a policy of minding my own business.
2. Have you seen the manual for this program? It's ________ ________ the office somewhere, but I can't find it.
3. It's too bad you can't ______ ______. I was just about to barbecue some chicken.
4. Look at these old pictures. They sure ________ me ________.
5. In my history class we studied the events that ________ ________ ________ World War II.
6. Rosa tried to return her engagement ring to her fiance, but he wouldn't ____ it ___.
7. The lawyer told his client to ________ ________ the facts when she testifies.
8. The escaped prisoner was ________ ________ to prison.
9. It's not like Erik to do such a terrible thing. I think someone ________ him ________ ________it.
10. I hate it when it's so humid that your clothes ________ ________your skin.
11. "UAE" ________ ________ for United Arab Emirates.
12. I felt terrible about what I said, and I ________ it ________ immediately.
13. One of the guys at work is a real baseball nut from Chicago, so we love to ________ it ________ him about how bad the Cubs are.
14. I don't have Linda's electric drill anymore; I ________ it ________ yesterday.
15. When people see our company's logo, they know it________________quality at a fair price.
16. The tailor didn't do what I wanted him to do with this dress. I'm going to ________ it ________ to him.
17. The restaurant manager told the bartender that she would not ________ _______ drinking on the job.
18. Mark did such a bad job painting his house that he had to get a professional house painter to ________it________.
19. As soon as the company president mentioned the decrease in sales and the need to reduce labor costs, we knew what he was ________ ________ ________.
20. Don't leave these dirty dishes here;________ them ________ to the kitchen.
21. Don't pay any attention to that rumor— it's been ____________for three years.

EXERCISE 34b — Review the explanation at the beginning of this section of how two- and three-word phrasal verbs are pronounced. Then, say each sentence in Exercise 34a aloud and circle the verb or particle that is accented.


EXERCISE 34c — Write answers to the questions using phrasal verbs from this section. Be sure the phrasal verbs are in the correct tense.


1. Janice said I was a cheapskate, but she later admitted that it wasn't true. What did Janice do?
2. A number of situations and events helped to cause the Civil War. What did those situations an events do?
3. You've rewritten this story four times, and you're still not happy with it. What have you done to the story four times?
4. When I opened the box of cereal, it was full of bugs, so I returned it to the store. What did I do to the box of cereal?
5. Bill has a system for picking good stocks, and he always uses it. What does Bill do with his system?
6. Mr. Tucker's fifteen-year-old daughter wants to get a tattoo, but he absolutely will not allow it. What won't Mr. Tucker do?
7. Visiting his old high school brought back a lot of memories. What did visiting his old high school do to him? 262
8. Carlos came to my house and stayed for a while. What did Carlos do after he came to my house?
9. People in my office have been reading the latest issue of Time magazine and then giving it to someone else. What has the magazine been doing?
10. She asked me what "Ph.D." represents. What did she ask me?
11,1 felt ridiculous dressing as a pink dinosaur for my nephew's birthday party, but my brother persuaded me to do it. What did my brother do?

EXERCISE 34d, Review — Complete the sentences with these phrasal verbs from previous sections. Be sure the phrasal verbs are in the correct tense. To check their meanings, review the section number given after each one.



bite off, 27

fall behind, 33

plan ahead, 25

shake up, 24

catch on, 33

get together, 26

print out, 24

stay out, 23

come about, 33

goof around, 33

pull off, 33

stop over, 24

come out, 32

let in on, 26

put together, 26

wear off, 27
2014-07-19 18:44
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